Happiness is a subjective decision, which means that what makes you happy may not necessarily make another happy citizen in another country. With this measure in mind, how can a true “happiness index” be determined for countries?
Although happiness is subjective, there are several common criteria that can be used as a measure of happiness. So, is money the only factor that makes people happy? Or is it a booming economy? Or the quality of state services?
It arranges 156 countries on the basis of the perception of the happiness of citizens. The list of the happiest countries in the world began to be issued since 2012, and this year, there was little difference in the list of the top 10 countries on the happiness scale from last year, which usually includes Scandinavia in the top ranks.
The happiest countries in 2019 in the world.
Country classification criteria based on the happiness scale.
Countries are usually ranked above based on seven criteria for measuring happiness. These criteria are as follows:
Gdp: The total value of goods and services produced by a given country annually. Gdp per capita can be calculated by dividing the country’s GDP by the total population.
Life expectancy: Refers to the statistical measure of life expectancy among humans. In this case, life expectancy data were obtained from the World Health Organization (WHO).
Social support: This measure is calculated from the Gallup World (GWP) survey, and relates to cases such as, if one is in trouble, are there organizations that support it and infrastructure ready to provide support, rather than support ing friends and relatives.
Freedom: This indicates the flexibility of life choices, and the scale is asked using global warming program questions, such as asking citizens if they are satisfied with the level of freedom they enjoy in making important choices about their lives.
Generosity: Its proportion is usually determined by asking questions such as whether citizens are donating money for various charities and campaigns.
Perception of corruption: This is about whether citizens see corruption in government institutions or business esotours.
Positive impact: This element refers to the feelings of happiness and joy that are regularly exercised by the population of a country.
Why are these countries the happiest?
Finland ranks high in terms of generosity, freedom that can be seen in the landscape and social structure, low crime rates, and high GDP that deserves to be raised!
Denmark, on the other hand, is the first in the life expectancy of the population and has a very small wealth gap. Norway also provides good social support, along with low crime rates.
Iceland has easy access to education, a high level of gender equality in terms of wages, low taxes and free health-care services.
The pace of daily life and freedom in the Netherlands also makes its citizens very happy. Tax credits in Switzerland, with high life expectancy and a booming economy, make citizens happy. The average life expectancy of Sweden and Canada has also increased with the high levels of freedom and social support that Austria provides to citizens.
Why doesn’t national income directly indicate the happiness of individuals?
Given national income and GDP, it does not necessarily refer to the State’s approach to development and the improvement of the population’s standard of living. Take, for example, India, which has a large income inequality, where average national income may be higher because of the small number of billionaires. However, this value does not accurately reflect the lives of citizens, as a large part of them fall below the poverty line. National income does not indicate the level of welfare of the state, even if it is high.
Thus, a more holistic approach has been developed by the United Nations Human Development Index (HDI). The World Happiness Report works on the hdi lines. A comprehensive assessment cannot be achieved through gdp analysis alone.
HdI measures happiness levels from different angles. Not only are citizens happy with the high income, but other criteria play a prominent role, such as the level of health services provided, literacy and education.
This is not to say that money is not an indicator of happiness, but it is not the only factor.
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